Is Next.js an MVC?

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Barry Dyngles

The answer to this question isn’t as straightforward as a simple “yes” or “no”. Next.js and an MVC (Model-View-Controller) structure have similarities, but there are important differences to be aware of when deciding how to use Next.js.

MVC stands for Model-View-Controller. It is a software design pattern focused on splitting an application into 3 distinct sections: the model, the view, and the controller. The model is responsible for the data and logic of the application, the view is responsible for showing the data to the user, and the controller is responsible for connecting the model and view.

Next.js is a framework for creating React applications. It simplifies the development process and enables developers to quickly and easily construct powerful and modern web applications. Instead of separating the application into 3 sections, Next.js uses components. Components are pieces of code used to form a user interface and they are reusable, making them great for constructing complex applications. In addition to components, Next.js also utilizes server-side rendering.

Next.js and MVC are similar in that they both separate the application into distinct parts. However, instead of breaking it down into the model, view, and controller, Next.js divides it into components. This makes it easier to oversee the application and its code. Additionally, Next.js uses server-side rendering which is not seen in MVC. Server-side rendering permits the application to be rendered on the server, which can boost performance and lower the load on the client.

So, is Next.js an MVC? It has similarities, but it is not the same. Next.js is a framework for React applications and it uses components instead of the model, view, and controller. In addition, server-side rendering is also used, making it different from MVC. Knowing the distinctions between Next.js and MVC can help to inform your decision on which one is best for your application.

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